Notes on this C&O Steam Locomotive Classification Chart:

This listing was created in support of a prototype to brass model parts reference ( which I hope to publish in the furure). Not all C&O locomotive classes are represented - some early engines are ignored, and no PM engines are listed. 

Loco classes with a second '-' were invented by me to assist in defining classes that had significant differences, but the same C&O class designation. i.e. 'H-6-a' vs. 'H-7a'

Build dates are the earliest, retired dates are the last remaining, quantity is the maximum owned. Engine numbers are post renumbering, if applicable. Some retired dates have been estimated from a date range.

Tender classes are from the AMC 1/3/1944 Locomotive Diagrams book, and 'C&O Power'. Most known possibilities are shown rather then just the common, or last, tender applied to an engine class.

C&O Class Whyte Class Desc. Builder Built  Aquired Retired Qty. Engine Numbers Duty Era Tender            Class(s) Notes Plans Info Sources Backhead Photo
A 4-4-0   Alco 1889 1889 1925 6 220 - 223 Mixed Early        
A-14 4-4-0   Alco 1905 1930 1935 1 83 Mixed Early   ex HV      
A-15 4-4-0   Alco 1907 1930 1935 2 84 - 85 Mixed Early   ex HV      
A-16 4-4-2   Alco 1902 1902 1949 20 275 - 294 Passenger Early 9-RA, 9-RB, 9-RC, 9-RD, 9-RG A-16s during superheater program, then dropped 1919 Cyc. p252, TSC #53    
A-3 4-4-0   Alco 1889 1889 1925 5 250 - 251 Mixed Early        
A-5 4-4-0   Alco 1903 1911 1929 3 230 - 232 Mixed Early   ex CC&L      
A-8 4-4-0   Alco 1900 1911 1929 2 1051 - 1052 Mixed Early   ex CC&L 1906 Cyc p57 (?)    
B-1 2-10-2   Baldwin 1919 1930 1952 10 2950 - 2959 Freight Standard 9-RL, 12-VC, 16-VA, 16-VB, 16-VC ex HV, ex LV      
B-2 2-10-2   Baldwin 1918 1945 1952 5 2000 - 2005 Freight Standard 16-VB ex C&IE      
B-3 2-10-2   Alco 1917 1945 1949 2 4000 - 4001 Freight Standard 10-RN, 21-RC ex C&IE, ex Wabash 1919 Cyc. p245, TSC #53    
C-10 4-4-4 3-trk Shay Lima 1911 1913 1921 1 16 Freight Early   ex Raleigh Lumber Co.      
C-11 0-6-0   Alco 1909 ?? 1930 1 40 Switcher Early   ex ICCCo      
C-12 0-10-0   Alco 1919 1919 ?? 15 130 - 144 Switcher Standard 10-RA   1925,30 Cyc. p118,140, TSC #2 Conversion article: 5/65 RMC  
C-13 0-8-0   Alco 1906 1925 1929 1 35 Switcher Early   ex AC&I      
C-14 0-8-0   Lima 1926 1930 1953 10 70 - 79 Switcher Standard 8-RA, 8-RB ex HV, USRA      
C-14-1 0-8-0   Baldwin 1910 1925 1930 1 90 Switcher Early   ex AC&I 1919 Cyc p227, TSC #53    
C-15 0-8-0   Lima 1925 1925 1952 10 100 - 109 Switcher Standard 8-RC        
C-15a 0-8-0   Baldwin 1929 1929 1953 15 110 - 124 Switcher Standard 8-RC        
C-16 0-8-0   Alco 1930 1930 1957 65 175 - 239 Switcher Standard 9-RD, 9-RE, 10-RH        
C-16a 0-8-0   Lima 1942 1942 1950 15 240 - 254 Switcher Late 8-RE sold to VGN N&W S-1a - 3/80, 10/05 MM   1/89 C&OHSN p14
C-16-b 0-8-0   Baldwin 1948 1948 1950 30 255 - 284 Switcher Late 8-RE sold to N&W 7/03 MM    
C-2 0-6-0   Alco 1888 1888 1937 29 various Switcher Early     1906 Cyc. p(40)    
C-3 0-6-0   Baldwin 1900 ?? 1951 1 15 Switcher Early 3-RA ex QSL      
C-4 0-8-0 rebuild C&O   ?? 1917 20 236 - 255 Switcher Early   ex G-3 2-6-0      
C-5 0-6-0   Alco 1905 1930 1934 5   Switcher Standard 4-SA ex HV    
C-6 0-6-0   Alco 1907 1930 1951 3 125, 126, 129 Switcher Standard 4-SA ex HV   2/93 C&OHSN  
C-7 0-6-0 bridge switcher Alco 1905 1905 1952 10 25 - 34 Switcher Early 5-SA, 6-RB, 6-RC, 7-RB 'bridge switchers'      
C-8 0-6-0 fireless cooker Porter 1949 1949   3 35 - 37 Switcher Late   fireless cooker 6/96 C&OHSN 6/96 C&OHSN  
C-8-1 0-8-0   Alco 1903 ?? 1931 3 80 - 82 Switcher Early   1 loco - ex ICCCo (not USRA design) 1920's      
C-9 4-4-4-4 4-trk Shay Lima 1903 1903 1928 16 1-15, 20 Freight Early   2 ex SRR, 1 ex Sewell Valley      
E-5 2-6-0   Baldwin 1908 1908 1946 2 427 - 428 Freight   7-RB ex VAL      
E-6 2-6-0   Alco 1907 1907 1929 2 425 - 426 Freight Early   ex ICCCo      
F-10 4-6-0   Alco 1890 1890 1927 52 101 - 199 Passenger Early        
F-11 4-6-0   Baldwin 1902 1911 1952 13 375 - 387 Freight Early 7-RB, 7-RG ex CC&L 9/81 MM 9/81 MM  
F-12 4-6-0   Alco 1910 1930 1935 3 86 - 88 Passenger Early   ex HV      
F-13 4-6-0   Alco 1912 1930 1949 4 89 - 92 Passenger Early 7-RH ex HV   4/81 C&OHSN, Conversion: 10/67 RMC  
F-15 4-6-2   Alco 1902 1902 1952 27 430 - 456 Passenger Early 9-RD, 9-RE, 12-VB        
F-16 4-6-2   Baldwin 1913 1913 1952 8 460 - 467 Passenger Standard 12-VD        
F-17 4-6-2   Alco 1914 1914 1952 6 470 - 475 Passenger Standard 16-VA, 18-RA   1916,19 Cyc. p257, TSC #18, 53    
F-18 4-6-2   Alco 1923 1923 1952 6 480 - 485 Passenger Standard 18-RA        
F-19 4-6-2   Alco 1926 1926 1947 5 490 - 494 Passenger Standard 18-RA converted to L-1's 1/80 MM    
F-20 4-6-2   Baldwin 1927 1947 1952 4 486 - 489 Passenger Standard 10-RF ex RF&P      
F-7 4-6-0   Alco 1900 1911 1929 2 370 - 371 Passenger Early   ex CC&L      
G-1 2-8-0   Cooke 1881 1881 1929 42 650 - 676 Freight Early        
G-10 2-8-0   Baldwin 1900 1930 1930 10 680 - 689 Freight Early   ex HV      
G-11 2-8-0   Baldwin 1903 1911 1934 22 1060 - 1081 Freight Early   ex CC&L      
G-12 2-8-0   Alco 1907 1915 1924 1 299 Freight Early   ex White Oak Railway      
G-12-h 2-8-0   Baldwin 1906 1930 1935 3 1080 - 1082 Freight Early   ex HV, ex C&P      
G-14 2-8-0   Alco 1907 1925 1930 2 785 - 786 Freight Early   ex AC&I      
G-15 2-8-0   Alco 1916 1925 1951 1 1085 Freight Standard 10-RB ex AC&I      
G-17 2-8-0   Alco 1906 1925 1935 4 1095 - 1098 Freight Early   ex SV&E, ex B&O      
G-2 2-8-0   Alco 1883 ?? 1916 4 126 - 129 Freight Early   ex Kentucky central      
G-3 2-8-0   Alco 1887 1887 1929 36 236 - 315 Freight Early          
G-3-h 2-8-0   Alco 1910 1930 1929 10 150 - 159 Freight Early 7-RA ex HV      
G-4 2-8-0   Alco 1891 1891 1930 36 200 - 235 Freight Early      
G-4-h 2-8-0   Alco 1910 1930 1951 10 160 - 169 Freight Early 7-RA ex HV      
G-5-c 2-8-0 compound Alco 1895 1895 1929 23 690 - 708 Freight Early 7-RA, 8-RF     4/78 C&OHSN  
G-5-h 2-8-0   Alco 1911 1930 1952 10 700 - 709 Freight Standard   ex HV      
G-6 2-8-0   Alco 1899 1899 1935 75 715 - 84 Freight Early          
G-7 2-8-0   Alco 1903 1903 1953 205 790 - 959 Freight Early 7-RE, 9-RF        
G-7a 2-8-0 rebuild C&O       6 various Freight Standard 7-RB late 20's: walschaerts gear, piston valves      
G-7b 2-8-0 rebuild C&O       9 various Freight Standard 7-RB, 10-RB late 20's: baker gear, piston valves      
G-7s 2-8-0   Alco 1916 1916 1957 6 996 - 1001 Freight Standard 7-RB, 7-RE        
G-7-s 2-8-0 rebuild C&O       35 960 - 994 Freight Standard 6-RB, 7-RB, 7-RE, 7-RG, 9-RB, 9-RL, 10-RB 1916-23: superheaters, piston valves, VG      
G-8 2-8-0   Alco 1907 1907 1952 2 710 - 711 Freight Early          
G-9 2-8-0   Alco 1909 1909 1961 50 1010 - 1059 Freight Standard 7-RB, 7-RE, 7-RG, 9-RA, 9-RB, 9-RC, 9-RF, 9-RJ, 9-RK, 9-RL, 9-RM, 10-RB, 12-VC G-9s during superheater program, then dropped      
H-1 2-6-6-2   Alco 1910 1910 1930 1 1295 (1301) Freight Standard 9-RA       C&O Pwr' p143
H-2 2-6-6-2   Alco 1911 1911 1935 24 1302 - 1325 Freight 9-RA        
H-3 2-6-6-2   Alco 1917 1930 1952 25 1275 - 1299 Freight Standard 9-RF, 12-VB, 12-VC ex HV(H-4 copy)   9/83 C&OHSN 1/89 C&OHSN
H-4 2-6-6-2   Alco 1912 1912 1954 150 1325 - 1474 Freight Standard 12-VA, 12-VB, 12-VC   1919 Cyc. p 271, TSC #53    
H-4a 2-6-6-2 rebuild C&O   1927 1942 1 1470 Freight   9-RG or 9-RJ ?? rebuilt (simpled) H-4   4/99 C&OHSN  
H-5 2-6-6-2   Alco 1919 1919 1952 20 1520 - 1539 Freight Standard 12-RA   1925,30 Cyc p150,188    
H-6 2-6-6-2   Alco 1920 1920 1957 45 1475 - 1519 Freight Standard 12-RB, 12-VA, 12-VB, 12-VC        
H-6-a 2-6-6-2   Baldwin 1949 1949 1957 10 1300 - 1309 Freight Late 12-RC   1/57 MR, MRCyc   1/89 C&OHSN
H-7 2-8-8-2   Alco 1924 1924 1952 25 1540 - 1564 Freight Standard 21-RC, 21-RD, 23-RD, 23-RE   1925,30 Cyc. p154,193, TSC #2 C&O H-7 Series' 1/89 C&OHSN, 'The War Engines'
H-7a 2-8-8-2   Baldwin 1926 1926 1952 20 1570 - 1589 Freight Standard 21-RC, 21-RD, 25-RC   C&O H-7 Series' C&O H-7 Series' 'C&O H-7 Series', The War Engines' p46
H-8 2-6-6-6   Lima 1944 1944 1956 45 1600 - 1644 Freight Superpower 25-RA, 25-RB three 25-RA's had commonwealth trucks 1941,44 Cyc. p166,140, MRCyc, 11/85 MM (HO) 5/42 RME 'C&O Pwr' p207
H-8-a 2-6-6-6   Lima 1948 1948 1956 15 1645 - 1659 Freight Superpower 25-RB        
J-1 4-8-2   Alco 1911 1911 1952 3 540 - 542 Passenger Standard 12-VC   TSC #18, '100 yrs of Steam Locos'    
J-2 4-8-2   Alco/ Baldwin 1918 1918 1952 7 543 - 549 Passenger Standard 12-VA ?, 16-VA, 16-VB, 16-VC rebuilt in early 30's MRCyc, ?? Cyc. 8/53 MR    
J-3 4-8-4   Lima 1935 1935 1953 5 600 - 604 Passenger Late 22-RC   1941 Cyc p218, 2/78 C&OHSN 'C&O 4-8-4's", 2/78 C&OHSN  
J-3a 4-8-4   Lima 1948 1948 1956 5 610 - 614 Mixed Superpower 22-RH     ''C&O 4-8-4's", 2/78 C&OHSN 'C&O 4-8-4's' p53
J-3-b 4-8-4   Lima 1942 1942 1953 2 605 - 606 Passenger Late 22-RF     ''C&O 4-8-4's", 2/78 C&OHSN  
K 2-8-2   Alco 1912 1930 1952 11 1089 - 1099 Freight Standard 9-RH ex HV     'C&O Pwr' p61
K-1 2-8-2   Alco 1912 1912 1953 56 1100 - 1155 Freight Standard 9-RA, 9-RB, 9-RC, 9-RD, 9-RE, 9-RF, 9-RH, 9-RJ, 9-RK, 9-RM, 10-RC, 12-RB, 12-VC   ?? Cyc p 59   C&OHS #733
K-2 2-8-2   Alco 1924 1924 1956 50 1160 - 1209 Freight Standard 12-VC, 16-VA, 16-VC, 21-RC   4/2000 MM    
K-3 2-8-2   Alco 1924 1924 1956 50 1210 - 1259 Freight Standard 12-VC, 16-VC, 21-RA   1930 Cyc p150, 'C&O 2-8-2's', TSC #2, 11/99 MM    
K-3a 2-8-2   Alco 1925 1925 1956 50 2300 - 2349 Freight Standard 21-RA, 21-RC, 21-RD   'C&O 2-8-2's', 10/63 RMC 'C&O 2-8-2's', conversion: 10/63 RMC  
K-4 2-8-4   Alco 1943 1943 1957 40 2700 - 2739 Mixed Superpower 21-RG     8/44 RME  
K-4-a 2-8-4   Lima 1945 1945 1957 20 2740 - 2759 Mixed Superpower 21-RG       'C&OPwr' p94
K-4-b 2-8-4   Alco 1947 1947 1957 30 2760 - 2789 Mixed Superpower 21-RG   1/65 MR    
L-1 4-6-4 rebuild C&O   1946 1953 5 490 - 494 Passenger Superpower   Built from F-19 in 1946      
L-2 4-6-4   Baldwin 1941 1941 1952 8 300 - 307 Passenger Superpower 21-RF   ?? Cyc. p229, MRCyc 12/91 C&OHSN 'C&OPwr' p258
L-2a 4-6-4   Baldwin 1948 1948 1952 5 310 - 314 Passenger Superpower 21-RJ   6/58 MR, 9/92 C&OHSN, 4/88 MM, MRCyc 9/92 C&OHSN 9/92 C&OHSN
M-1 4-8-4-8-4 S-T-E Baldwin 1947 1947 1950 3 500 - 502 Passenger Superpower 25-RD steam-turbine -electric 2/71 MR 10/97 C&OHSN  
T-1 2-10-4   Lima 1930 1930 1953 40 3000 - 3039 Freight Superpower 23-RA   1/77 MR 3/03, 2/77 C&OHSN 2/77, 1/89 C&OHSN

 

Chart Abbreviations:

AC&I - Ashland Coal and Iron RR
B&O - Baltimore and Ohio RRC&O - Chesapeake and Ohio RR
C&EI - Chicago and Eastern Illinois RR
C&P - Cumberland and Pennsylvania RR
CC&L - Chicago, Cincinnati & Louisville RR
HV - Hocking Valley RR
ICCCo - Island Creek Coal Company 
LV - Lehigh Valley RR
N&W - Norfork and Western RRQSL - ?? RR
RF&P - Richmond Fredrickburg and Potomac RR
SRR - Southern RR
SV&E - Sandy Valley and Elkhorn RR
VAL - Virginia Air Line RR
VGN - Virginian RR

C&OHSN - C&O Historical Society Newsletter (now C&O History)
Cyc - Simmons-Boardman Locomotive Cyclopedia
MM - Mainline Modeler magazine
MR - Model Railroader magazine
MRCyc - Model Railroader Cyclopedia Vol 1
RMC - Ralroad Model Craftsman magazine
RME - Railway Mechanical Engineer magazine
TSC - Train Shed Cyclopedia

 

copyright - Dave Ayers 2006