Amanda Furnaca

- AK Steel -

– ARMCO - American Rolling Mill Company -

- Ashland Iron & Mining Co. -

- Ashland Coal & Iron Railway Co. -

AK Steel Photo Gallery

Ashland Steel Historical Photo Gallery

Ashland Coke Photo Gallery

Ashland Steel Maps:

Ashland Color map.jpg (86004 bytes)

Ashland color map

ARMCO BW map.jpg (94929 bytes)

ARMCO main plant map

Ashland BW map.jpg (138047 bytes)

Ashland area map

Sanborn Insurance maps (1929):

Ashland Sanborn map page 11

Ashland Furnaces

Ashland Sanborn map page 23

Norton Furnace

Ashland Sanborn map page 33

Semet-Solvay Coke

Furnaces:

Ashland #1  1869 - 1960 Located at Sixth St. between C&O RR and Ohio River
Ashland #2 1887 - 1926 next to Ashland #1
Norton 1864 - 1964 Located around 20th St. between C&O RR and Ohio River
Bellefonte 1942 -> Idle Located north of US 23 and just west of KY 5 (at east edge of Greenup Co.)
Amanda 1963 -> Located just east of Bellefonte furnace (just into Boyd Co.)

Note: There are sure to be inconsistencies, missing info and probably errors on this page. If you have any additional information or corrections please contact me. 

 

Ashland, KY Steel

History:

1864 - 'Norton' furnace of the Norton Iron Works blown in (Winchester Ave. at 23rd St.) 64’ x16’ stack.
1869 - 'Ashland' Furnace (Winchester Ave. at 6th St.) blown in. 62’ tall w/ 16’ bosh
1887 - Ashland Furnace #2 blown in. 64’ tall with 16’ bosh  
1896 - Means & Russell Iron Company sold the AC&I the #8 coal mine
1901 - (Oct.) Ashland Iron & Mining formed, as a result of a congressional act to separate non-railroad industries from interstate railroads, from the coal properties, mines, and blast furnaces of the AC&I.
1905 - Ashland furnace rebuilt (13’-9" hearth, 17’-3" bosh, 76’ height, 6 stoves misc. dim.)
1921 - (Dec 30) - Purchased by the American Rolling Mill Co. (ARMCO)
1924 - Start up of the first continuous sheet rolling mill.
1927 - Norton furnace rebuilt (14’-6" hearth, 18’-2" bosh, 82’-1" height, 5 stoves 70’x18’)
1928 - Norton Iron Works and property bought ARMCO
1928-9 - Norton furnace relined, new shell, stove, stockhouse and trestle
1934 - Ashland furnace relined
1935 - 2 furnaces: Ashland. & Norton
19?? - Norton furnace abandoned, torn down (?)
1942 - Dedication of Bellefonte Blast Furnace (August 24) The 96th blast furnace built in Hanging Rock Region since 1818. Considered most highly perfected in existence when erected, by Armco Steel Corp., with  25' hearth, producing 1000 tons of iron daily, later increased to 2600 tons, with 28-3/4 ft. hearth. Named for pioneer charcoal-fueled furnace a mile south.
1948 - American Rolling Mill Company name changed to ARMCO Steel Corp.
1951 - New McKee stoves for the Norton furnace
1962 - Ashland furnace dismantled. Then world's oldest known operating blast furnace. 
1963 - Start up of new ‘Amanda’ furnace. (30'-6" hearth) Named for pioneer furnace a mile west.
1966 - Started Pulverized Coal Injection in Bellefonte furnace
1968 - Amanda’ furnace rebuilt (33'-6" hearth)
1973 - installed Pulverized Coal Injection system on Amanda furnace
1994 - ARMCO Inc. (Eastern Steel Div.) and Kawasaki form AK Steel.
1996 - (?) Bellefonte blast furnace abandoned

Spec’s:

1891 - Bessemer plant
19?? - 8 coal mines
1920 - 2 blast furnaces, 6 open hearth furnaces, blooming mill. (no finishing operations)
1916 - Open Hearth Mill
1925 - Continuous Sheet Mill
1935 - 2 BF’s, 3-45,000lbs x 14psi, 4-60,000 x 12 steam blowing engines, 8 118 ton basic O.H. furnaces, 600 ton mixer, Blooming, plate, sheet mills, (Pittsburg Coal Washer Co.) single strand pig caster, (Pittsburg Metallurgical Co.) sintering plant (1913)
1949 - $1,000,000 Taconite pellet plant to prove out the technology for the steel industry 
1998 - 85 miles of track in the works, 1 BF, Coal injection, 2 BOF vessels, Desulfurization facilities, 6-strand bloom caster, 1 single-strand continuous caster (9-1/2" x 38-66" capy.), hot-dip galvanized coating line, (no rolling in operation)

Links:

AK Steel
Steel Technology - Amanda Blast Furnace rebuild
Phillip Jones: Ashland Mill Photograph
Some AK photos
City of Ashland, KY
Boyd Country Factory Images **

Kentucky - Solvay Coke Co / AK Coke

Located about 40th Street and Northeast of US 23

History:

1912 - Formed as a subsidiary of the Semet-Solvay Company. 54 ovens built at Ashland KY, ‘coal mines’ acquired.
1915 - 2nd battery of ovens with by product recovery equipment built.
1920 - Semet-Solvay merges with Allied Chemical, to become Semet-Solvay Division
19?? - (after 1945) Ovens, coal handling equip, rebuilt...
1968 - Sold to ARMCO, after a court battle to prevent a shutdown. Now AK Coke
1998 - 2 batteries of 70 and 76 ovens

Sources:

‘Directory of the Iron and Steel Works of the U.S. and Canada’, 21st Ed.1935 AISI
‘Coal, Coke, and Chemicals’, Nils Anderson Jr, 1995
'True Steel', Christy Borth, 1941
'The Development of American Industries', Glover & Cornell, 1933

'Appalachion Coal Mines & Railroads' (picture of coke pull on p. 45)

Various C&OHS Newsletter articles
Ashland, KY Public Library
Kentucky Connect
AK Steel Web pages 
Newsteel Magazine

Ashland Coal & Iron  Railroad / Railway

History:

1854 - City of Ashland laid out, incorporated in 1860
1852 - The Lexington & Big Sandy Railroad Co. (L&BS) organized
1855 - First rails laid for the Lexington & Big Sandy Railroad Co.
1857 - First loads hauled
1859 - Road completed  (Poors)
1860 - Construction halted
1865 - The Ashland Coal & Iron Railway Co. (AC&I) was formed by John Means, John G. Peebles, and 7 others.
1880 - (Oct 1) Company name changed to the Ashland Coal & Iron Railway Co (AC&I). C.P.Huntington envisioned the AC&I as a link in his coast-to-coast RR plans.
1880 - Connected to C&O (Huntington) via the Elizabeth, Lexington & Big Sandy (EL&BS), C&O bridged the Big Sandy at Catlettsburg.
1881 - Trackage (21.4 miles) completed to Denton(now Seaton), and connected to the Elizabethtown, Lexington & Big Sandy RR Co.
1881 - (Dec. 12) First C&O train into Lexington KY.
1892 - C&O acquired control of the EL&BS (Big Sandy to Ashland, Denton to Lexington). The AC&I section , in the middle, of the EL&BS route was used because it was already built, instead of a proposed EL&BS route up the Big Sandy and then westward to Denton.
1894 - C&O built a new double track bridge over the Big Sandy river.
1901 - Non RR properties spun off to the Ashland Iron & Mining Co., which ended up controlling the railroad.
1925 - C&O leased and took over operation of the AC&I
1933 - AC&I became part of C&O’s Lexington subdivision

Spec’s:

21.4 miles (Ashland to Denton)
3 tunnels
19 Stations (max)

Locomotives:

#1   1846 Trenton MA built 4-4-0
  ?   1872 Baldwin 0-4-0 "Edward Patterson" (probably used as a mill engine)
#4   Pittsburg 2-6-0
#11 1896 Baldwin, 43 1/2" gauge compressed air 0-4-0 (for use in mines)
#12 1910 Baldwin 0-8-0 *
#13 1910 Baldwin 0-8-0
#14 1906 Alco Brooks 0-6-0 *
#14 1912 Baldwin 2-6-2
#15 1907 Alco Brooks 2-8-0 *
#16 1907 Alco Brooks 2-8-0 *
#17 1916 Alco Pittsburg 2-8-0 *
  ?    class 'A' 18-2 3-foot gauge shay s/n #2521 (8/16/1918 to 7/20/1920)

* acquired by C&O in 1925

Sources:

Various C&OHS Newsletters
'C&O Power'
'American Locomotives' 1993 Ron Ziel
Shay Locomotives by Owners